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引用本文:肖百义,杨健,姜涛,刘洪波,陈修报.基于耳石微化学特征的鄱阳湖刀鲚永修群体的关键栖息地识别.湖泊科学,2024,36(3):870-880. DOI:10.18307/2024.0334
Xiao Baiyi,Yang Jian,Jiang Tao,Liu Hongbo,Chen Xiubao.Identification of key habitats of Coilia nasus in Yongxiu area of Lake Poyang based on otolith microchemical characteristics. J. Lake Sci.2024,36(3):870-880. DOI:10.18307/2024.0334
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基于耳石微化学特征的鄱阳湖刀鲚永修群体的关键栖息地识别
肖百义1, 杨健1,2, 姜涛2, 刘洪波2, 陈修报2
1.南京农业大学无锡渔业学院,无锡 214081;2.中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心,渔业微化学实验室,无锡 214081
摘要:
随着长江禁渔国策的持续实施,长江干流和沿线通江湖泊中刀鲚资源及其关键栖息地将有可能得到恢复。为了确证长江禁渔后的2020年在鄱阳湖永修瓢头水域所采集到21尾刀鲚的洄游履历和资源类型,本研究采用电子探针微区分析技术(EPMA)对其耳石元素锶(Sr)和钙(Ca)的微化学特征进行了测定和分析。结果显示,所有个体耳石的Sr/Ca值变化较为复杂。自耳石核心至边缘Sr/Ca值分别出现了对应淡水生境的低值(<3)和对应河口半咸水或海水生境的中高值(>3),最后边缘部分再次出现了对应洄游返回淡水生境的低Sr/Ca值(<3)。 Sr含量面分析图中也呈现出了对应淡水-河口半咸水-海水-淡水的蓝色-黄绿色、红色-蓝色变化的图谱;证明上述个体均具有明显的江海洄游特征,为典型溯河洄游型刀鲚。鄱阳湖永修瓢头水域是一处尚未曾正式报道过的洄游型刀鲚分布区。 根据性成熟度和摄食情况可将瓢头水域刀鲚分为产卵场群体和非产卵群体两类。通过与鄱阳湖其他水域刀鲚情况的比较分析可以推定,两类刀鲚可能起源于鄱阳湖内两个不同区域的产卵场。 对于产卵场群体而言,瓢头水域可能更主要起到产卵场的作用;而对于非产卵群体来说,瓢头水域更多地起到洄游通道的作用。本研究可为了解长江禁渔对刀鲚资源和关键栖息地的恢复效果提供最新的基础信息。
关键词:  刀鲚  耳石微化学  鄱阳湖  永修水域  长江禁渔  溯河洄游
DOI:10.18307/2024.0334
分类号:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2022YFF0608203)资助。
Identification of key habitats of Coilia nasus in Yongxiu area of Lake Poyang based on otolith microchemical characteristics
Xiao Baiyi1, Yang Jian1,2, Jiang Tao2, Liu Hongbo2, Chen Xiubao2
1.Wuxi Fisheries College, Nanjing Agricultural University, Wuxi 214081, P. R. China;2.Key Laboratory of Fishery Microchemistry, Freshwater Fisheries Research Center, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Wuxi 214081, P. R. China
Abstract:
With the continuous implementation of fishing ban in the Yangtze River, the Coilia nasus resources and their key habitats in the main stream of the Yangtze River and the lakes along the Yangtze River will be possibly restored. For confirmation of the migration history and resource ecomorphotype of 21 individuals of Coilia nasus collected in the Piaotou water area of Yongxiu County in Lake Poyang in 2020 after enacting the fishing ban policy, the microchemical characteristics of strontium (Sr) and calcium (Ca) in their otoliths were measured and analyzed using the approach of electron probe microanalysis (EPMA). The changes in otolith Sr/Ca ratio of all individual were relatively complex. From the core to the edge of the otoliths, the Sr/Ca ratio appear sequentially at low values corresponding to freshwater habitats (<3) and at medium high values corresponding to estuarine brackish or seawater habitats (>3), and at low Sr/Ca ratio again corresponding to migration back to freshwater habitats (<3), respectively. The Sr content mapping analysis also showed the corresponding blue (freshwater)-yellow/green (estuary brackish water) color and red (seawater)-blue (freshwater) color maps, proving that the above individuals were all typical anadromous ecomorphotype C. nasus. The Piaotou water area of Yongxiu County in Lake Poyang would be a distribution area of the ecomorphotype C. nasus that had not yet been reported. According to sexual maturity, the C. nasus from the Piaotou water could be divided into spawning group and non-spawning group, respectively. Through comparative analysis of the situation of C. nasus in other waters of the Lake Poyang, it can be inferred that the two fish groups might originate from different spawning grounds in Lake Poyang. For C. nasus in non-spawning group, the Piaotou water seemed to mainly play the role of migratory channels while for those in spawning group the water might mainly play the role of spawning site. The present study can provide valuable basic information for understanding the restoration of C. nasus resources and key habitats in the Yangtze River benefited from the fishing ban in the Yangtze River.
Key words:  Coilia nasus  otolith microchemistry  Lake Poyang  Yongxiu water  fishing ban in the Yangtze River  anadromy
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